The overall goal of resident research training is to develop each individual’s ability to:
- critically review the scientific literature
- develop a testable hypothesis
- design and execute experiments
- perform appropriate analysis of data
- produce scientific manuscripts of publishable quality
In support of this purpose, the Department has allocated resident time within the confines of the prescribed work week guidelines to allow focus on research goals. A program of education in research methodology and experimental design is available, and a wide array of faculty involved in research are also available to serve as mentors for any type of basic science or clinical research topic.
Topics and Mentors
Residents may choose to undertake clinical or basic science research projects. Residents are encouraged to discuss their ideas with faculty members who may share
similarinterests. Each resident should then select a research mentor who may be either a full- or part-time member of the Department. Mentors outside the Department may also be selected if approved by the Research Committee.
The issue of authorship of manuscripts should be discussed at the time of topic selection. Final decisions regarding authorship rest with the mentor. In general, the resident should take primary responsibility for the design and execution of the proposed research, as well as preparation of the final manuscript. In most circumstances, this level of participation will merit first authorship. However, a resident may choose to work on a discrete portion of a larger project without becoming first author on the final manuscript. In this case, the resident’s efforts may still satisfy the research requirement; however, the resident’s research must “stand on its own”, and all deadlines must still be met.
All residents are required to submit at least two manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed journals. At least one manuscript must result from the completion of a “hypothesis-driven” research project approved by the Research Committee following the guidelines detailed below. The second manuscript may, alternatively, be a review article, case series, or case report. A copy of the submitted manuscripts must be submitted to both the Residency Coordinator and the Research Committee no later than June 30 of a resident’s PGY-4. In most cases, the resident must be first author on the submitted manuscripts (see above). Under special circumstances, the mentor may request an exemption from the “first author” requirement. Any exemption requires pre-approval from the Research Committee and the submission of a separate “manuscript” that specifically reflects the work performed by the resident.
12-month Research Rotations
Residents interested in a career in academic orthopaedics are encouraged to undertake a 12-month research rotation between their PGY-3 and PGY-4 clinical years. Typically, this research resident is selected through the NRMP match. Residents participating in the research year are strongly encouraged to work in one of the Department laboratories with extramural funding; however, other laboratories may be considered with the approval of the Research Committee and the Department Chair.
With the assistance of the faculty mentor(s), each resident is strongly encouraged to submit at least one application for extramural research funding. Submission of an application for extramural funding is required of residents doing the 12-month research rotation. Possible funding sources include the OREF, the NIH, the Arthritis Foundation, the Orthopaedic Trauma Association, the Arthroscopy Association of North America, subspecialty organizations, and industry sponsors. Proposals may also be submitted to the Department for funding consideration. Departmental funding is contingent upon the availability of funds and approval by the Research Committee and the Chairman. Residents are strongly encouraged to present their research findings at regional and/or national scientific meetings