The use of cervical orthoses falls primarily into three categories: motion restriction to protect or prevent pain, motion restriction to protect spinal instability pre- and post-surgery, and emergency protection immediately following trauma. Such orthoses are used to provide support and protection as well as limit range of motion. Due to an array of pathological conditions and factors, many design variations and types of cervical orthoses are available to the practitioner.
Cervical collars are classified as soft or rigid. These types of neck braces range from a soft support that helps in the treatment of minor neck strains to a rigid brace that supports from under the jaw down to the chest area to provide maximum support and protection of the cervical and thoracic areas.
Cervical Thoracic Orthosis is designed to provide immobilization of cervical and upper thoracic spine providing a stable cervical or bracing support for high thoracic fractures or dislocations. In addition, the cervical brace provides anterior/posterior, medial/lateral support and rotational control.
Halo orthoses are used to treat injuries to the cervical spine. This orthosis is comprised of a vest and superstructure and are typically used to treat a severe injury or unstable fractures to the neck or for postoperative stabilization.