Department of Orthopaedic Surgery

The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery offers services and programs through the following Divisions. Use these links to directly access all our Department sites.

Hand & Upper Extremity

Signs & Symptoms

While stiffness, swelling, and pain are symptoms common to all forms of arthritis, there are some symptoms that are classic features of rheumatoid arthritis. They are:

• Firm nodules along fingers or the elbow
• Soft lump on the back of the hand that moves as the fingers straighten
• Angulation or collapse of fingers ( figure 2)
• Sudden inability to straighten or bend a finger because of a tendon rupture
• Deformity in which the middle finger joint becomes bent ( Boutonniere deformity- figure 3)
• Deformity where the end of the finger is bent and the middle joint over extends ( Swan-neck deformity- figure 3)
• Prominent bones in the wrist

For more information from the ASSH please click here.