Conditions & Treatments
Bones are the site of tumors that spread or metastasize from another organ, such as the breasts, lungs or prostate. Cancer that arises in the bone – primary bone cancer – is rare.
Bone tumors may be benign or malignant. Benign bone tumors are more common, but both types may grow and compress healthy bone tissue and absorb or replace it with abnormal tissue. Benign tumors, however, don’t spread and are rarely life threatening.
Benign / aggressive bone tumors
- Fibrous dysplasia, enchondroma, eosinophilic granuloma, giant cell tumor, non-ossifying fibroma, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, aneurysmal bone cyst, simple bone cyst, chondroblastoma, chondromyxoid fibroma, osteochondroma, osteofibrous dysplasia, adamantinoma
Malignant Bone Tumors
- Osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, chondrosarcoma
Benign Soft Tissue Tumors
- Lipoma, nerve sheath tumors, vascular malformations
Malignant Soft Tissue Tumors
- Soft tissue sarcomas
Metastatic Bone Disease
- Breast, lung, thyroid, renal, prostate, and other types of carcinoma, multiple myeloma, lymphoma, leukemia, melanoma
- Osteomyelitis, metabolic bone disease